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The Maltese dog it is an excellent companion dog, because it is group 9 of the official classification, but it is also in fact. He is loyal and intelligent, playful but obedient. But whoever believes it is wrong, so cute, an apartment dog. It is partly so, as long as you take it often, once a day, to run, play and let off steam in the open air. Otherwise a soul like that of a dog Maltese can suffer.
Yes, perhaps, it suffers a little from this name, Maltese, which connects him to the certainly respected island of Malta, which however is not his homeland. The short-haired or long-haired Maltese (they are not different breeds but the appearance depends only on how the hair is cut!) has Italian origins, some think it derives from the province of Melita which is located in Sicily, even if it is true that in ancient times dogs were bred a lot similar to the little ones Maltese of today.
Maltese dog: origin
The Maltese it was born as a dog to chase away small rodents from warehouses and merchant ships, and this is how it is found embarked with traders to sail the Mediterranean, they are the ones who benefited from its diffusion. It was the dog of the Roman governor of the island of Malta, Publius, il Maltese, already portrayed in the first century AD, and before that, not in Italy, but in Greece in the fifth century. B.C.
In the homes of the ancient Romans it depopulated, as a pet, and was in the graces and homes of patrician women, at the time, for its beauty and for its extreme intelligence. A few years later he, the Maltese dog, has become the best 4-legged friend of many historical figures including even Giuseppe Verdi and many others.
The Maltese is a small dog and exists only in this way, "one size" like certain shirts. "When grown up" it reaches 4-5 kg, as a height the males show off at most a couple of cm more but we are between 20 and 23 cm. Despite the soft and voluminous effect of the coat, which is created even if the hair of the Maltese is cut short, it is a slender dog, with a fairly solid bone and good musculature.
Maltese dog: character
The soft pom-pom coat only adds a plump and nice touch to this already beloved dog, also for its side playful, good-natured. A little is also due to the dog's truffle Maltese, black and voluminous, in contrast to the well-fitting skin all over the body and pigmented by dark patches, not very desired. Yes, because the color of the Maltese it's white. A uniform white.
As mentioned and as perhaps known to many, the Maltese he is very active and his 4 legs must continue to move them, possibly outdoors. It is not bad as a hunting dog but its nature, even officially, is that of pet dog, even if it is by no means intended as an apartment dog. No, really no, because the Maltese, especially if healthy and young, has a great and continuous need to run, to play, to chase a ball, artfully thrown, or to run around in the park.
White as it is, it stains a lot, and then needs to be cleaned and brushed, but keep a home Maltese it has no positive effect on his character. And good humor, if he is free, distinguishes him 9 out of 10. The owner of a Maltese, therefore, one must arm himself with patience, in carrying it around and devoting time to it. And he must also arm himself with games and tricks, ropes and puppets, various balls, with which to keep him busy. He is a bit of an eternal child and with the same enthusiasm the Maltese remains strongly attached to his master and his family.
The Maltese is in fact a very docile and faithful dog, he always tries to stay close to his master and to make him feel his closeness: they are two different aspects, which in this dog also coexist with a marked intelligence and an evident ability to learn.
Maltese dog: breeding
Combining its physical characteristics with the psychological and attitudinal ones, it can be said that the Maltese is an excellent dog foragility dog. He is also a good subject for beauty contests but in this case his master must think carefully before entering this world: then it is challenging to follow him, keep him "in a certain way" and keep up with him.
Unless you want to mister or miss Maltese Italian in the family, a dog of this pedigreed breed can cost around a thousand euros. Then it depends on its genealogy, as for all other breeds, however, it is worth noting that it is advisable to take a dog without an indicated pedigree. Not to have the super VIP on a leash, but above all for health reasons.
Made the investment on Maltese it must be taken care of assiduously, and its candid color, needless to say, tends to get dirty and ruined very easily. The Maltese however, it does not completely shed its hair in spring or autumn, so it is unlikely that you will have problems with fluttering hair around the house, including carpets, sofas, corridors. Cleaning is important, especially if you enter and leave the house, to play, as you wish, but the classic bath only does so in case of need. Of course with a rag or a sponge, it is good to clean the mustache and the muzzle, when it eats, and the hair around the eyes, sometimes marked by tearing.
Maltese dog: feeding
The Maltese is a dog that tends to gain weight easily. It is true that he moves a lot, but it is better to pay attention to the amounts of food that are given to him, if he spends a lot of time running and playing, the classic "premium croquette"He can stay there, otherwise if he is lazing at home, absolutely nothing between meals. Stiff, but for his own good: only two meals a day, if with dry food, about 80-120g in total. In general al Maltese proteins are needed, you can mix them "at home" with a few vegetables and cereals, for example with boiled rice. Vitamins and fats must not be lacking too, to keep the coat clean and healthy.
Maltese dog: diseases
The hereditary disease that affects Maltese dogs most frequently is patella luxation. In relation to how much the tibia and patella are deformed and the consequent degree of displacement of the patellar ligament inwards, a lameness of variable magnitude can be caused.
As for infectious diseases, the most dangerous are those that can affect all dogs in general. We therefore mention rabies, leptospirosis, canine hepatitis and distemper.
Maltese dog: price
The price for a purebred and certified Maletese puppy dog with all vaccinations varies between 800 and 1,500 Euros.
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