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How to grow tomatoes at home, on the windowsill or on the balcony. Here is a guide to cultivation some tomatoes at home, tips for abundant harvests even in winter!
THE tomatoes they should never be missing from our diet; in addition to being an important ingredient in many recipes, they are rich in micronutrients necessary for the health of the body. Tomatoes are easily available on the market but we cannot always be sure about their origin. To be 100% safe quality, we can consider growing them at home, even if we live in the city!
Tomato cultivation at home
Grow tomatoes at home even in winter: from the type of pot to the quality of the soil, here are all the indications for growing tomatoes on your terrace.
Grow tomatoes indoors allows us to benefit from products free of pesticides and other chemicals used by industry to keep them fresh longer. In this regard we will give you all the information on the growing tomatoes at home.
In the cultivation of tomatoes at home, the pot plays a fundamental role. It is preferable to opt for a pot at least 45 cm high and proportionately wide to facilitate root growth. The ideal would be to use a plastic pot, so we can move it more easily. Don't forget, however, to put a saucer or plate under the vase to collect excess water.
The pot must also be equipped with holes on the underside so as to ensure good drainage and avoid problems due to excess moisture in the earth.
To prevent the substrate from falling into the holes, it is good to place a small net on the bottom of the pot.
Avoid using soil collected from the garden or from any other place, it could contain fungi and viruses that damage the plant. In addition, the potted tomato has little substrate, it is better to provide it with quality soil. Prepare a mix with 60% coconut fiber and 40% earthworm humus, or buy a specific soil for tomatoes.
1) Fill a third of the jar with the mix you prepared previously.
2) Place the tomato plant then add more soil, until the roots are covered.
3) Press lightly on the ground to support the plant well.
Irrigate the potted tomato
Immediately after planting, it is good to water the seedling abundantly so as to moisten the entire soil well. However, avoid wetting the leaves, stem and base of the plant and only water around. Thereafter it will not be necessary to water every day. It will depend on the humidity it retains.
To understand how often to water potted tomatoes, check the soil often and make sure it is always slightly moist. However, avoid watering it too much, it is better to administer a little water and often than to alternate days of drought with days of "irrigation showers ". The tomato must be watered constantly.
Supports and guardians
To ensure good growth for the plant, you will need to install support to help it grow straight. The support will help the plant grow and stay solid. The support must be small because for the cultivation at home you must necessarily choose varieties of tomatoes with specific growth and therefore with contained development.
Fertilizer for tomatoes
There are a large number of fertilizers on the market but be careful to choose the right one. A correct fertilization helps to enhance the tomato flavor and to obtain abundant harvests.
Among the best fertilizers for tomatoes on the market I point out the Maxicrop, the one kg pack can be bought on Amazon at a price of 11.76 euros with free shipping costs.
How to fertilize tomatoes in pots? Add a teaspoon of product (about 2 grams) to the jar. The dose is indicated for 30 cm pots. If you are growing tomatoes in a larger planter, increase the doses proportionally (for example, 4 grams per 60cm, 6 grams per 80cm crate…).
This fertilizer is excellent because it is able to provide the nutrients necessary to support the growth of tomatoes in pots even in environments "unnatural”Like the domestic one. In particular, the fertilizer reported provides:
- Nitrogen (8%)
- Phosphorus (5%)
- Potassium (6%)
- Calcium (15%)
- Manganese (5%)
- Magnesium (6.5%)
For all information, I refer you to the product sheet:Maxicrop natural fertilizer.
Feel free to make your evaluations before purchasing, the important thing is that when you choose a fertilizer for tomatoes the same nutrients are included, even if present in slightly different percentages (each manufacturer has its own formulation).
Tomato fertilization is even more essential when growing tomatoes at home in winter.
Harvesting tomatoes in pots and ripening
As the tomatoes ripen they can be harvested. But pay attention to the tomato variety you are growing in pots. Some tomatoes do not fully ripen, and when this happens, you will need to cut them with a piece of branch and leave them in a cool place until they are fully ripe.
Grow tomatoes indoors in the winter
It's possiblegrow tomatoes at homeeven in winter, in these circumstances, however, it will be necessary to set up a lamp capable of providing the plants with 12 - 16 hours of light per day.
Location of tomato pots in the house
Who intends grow tomato at home in spring, it will be able to settle for the window sill, as long as it is exposed to the south or south-west: the tomato loves the light and the sun. Start growing tomatoes when temperatures don't drop below 18 ° C.